Saturday, April 30, 2011

Book Review: Kingdom of the Cults by Walter Martin

Kingdom of the Cults, TheKingdom of the Cults by Walter Martin was first written in 1965. Since the over 40 years since its original publication, this book has been the go-to book on the subject of the cults. In this revised, updated, and expanded edition, the reader will find perhaps the best overall reference book on what the cults are, what they believe, and how they can be properly answered from the Christian worldview. Additional authors have contributed and expanded the content to meet the relevant contemporary issues. As the book is around 700 pages, covering an immense amount of material, this review will only serve as a thumbnail sketch for prospective readers.

Friday, April 29, 2011

Weekly Apologetics Bonus Links (04/22 - 04/29)

Here are this week's recommended apologetics links. Enjoy.
Free on Kindle: HCSB Bible
God and Stephen Hawking by John Lennox (MP3)
Choosing My Religion (MP3)
Undesigned Coincidences (ebook)
Unbelievable? The Conference: Sign up today!
William Lane Craig on Logical Positivism (video)
RIP Logical Positivism
Ladies' Book Club 2011
Questions about Middle Knowledge
The David Hume god
The Top 10 Beretta Podcast Episodes
Resurrection Research Links
How long was Jesus dead in the tomb?
Should There Have Been More Resurrection Witnesses?
Biola Professors Answer Resurrection Questions
Evidence for the Resurrection: Discussions with Mike Licona
William Lane Craig and James Crossley debate the resurrection
William Lane Craig vs. John Shelby Spong on the resurrection
Peter Williams assesses whether the gospels are based on eyewitness testimony

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Fallacy Friday: Ad Misericordiam (Appeal to Pity)

The Fallacy Friday Podcast is the weekly audio version of Matthew Flannagan's Fallacy Friday posts over at the MandM blog. Apologetics315 is producing the audio version, released every Friday as well. Subscribe using:
RSS Feed, or Via iTunes, or one-click.

Today's episode: Ad Misericordiam (Appeal to Pity)
(text | MP3)
Enjoy.

Thursday, April 28, 2011

Undesigned Coincidences in the Gospels by Tim McGrew

In this audio file from Keith Kendrex's Evidence4Faith radio program, Dr. Tim McGrew is interviewed on the topic of Undesigned Coincidences in the Gospels. Citing numerous examples, McGrew notes the cumulative case that can be made for the reliability of the scriptures by looking at textual evidence by various authors. Also check out the classic work of the same name by J.J. Blunt. And be sure to visit the Library of Historical Apologetics for more classical apologetic works.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here. (podcast here)

Enjoy.

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

You Can't Take the Bible Literally by Dirk Jongkind

As part of the Christian Heritage "Reason for God" lecture series, Dr. Dirk Jongkind presents this talk on the topic "You Can't Take the Bible Literally." He presents principles of Biblical interpretation and makes a case for the reliability of the scriptures. Original audio found here (video also available). For more great audio and video resources, please visit Christian Heritage Media.

Full MP3 Audio here (43 min)

Enjoy.

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Terminology Tuesday: Logical Positivism

Logical Positivism: Philosophical movement arising out of the Vienna Circle of philosophers in Austria after World War I. Logical positivism combined the commitment to empiricism found in nineteenth-century positivism (Comte) with the type of logical analysis found in the work of Bertrand Russell. It affirmed a verifiability theory of meaning, in which nonanalytic propositions have cognitive meaning only if they are empirically verifiable. On the basis of this theory, logical positivists asserted metaphysical and theological propositions to be meaningless, and they analyzed ethical propositions as merely having expressive meaning.1

1. C.Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002), p. 70.

Monday, April 25, 2011

Apologist Interview: Peter Kreeft

Today's interview is with Peter Kreeft, professor of philosophy at Boston College and at the King's College, in New York City. He talks about his background and influences, his view of philosophy and theology, why we should learn logic (and his logic textbook), etiquette in evaluating arguments, Socratic method & dialogue, caring for the soul, dealing with difficult and loaded questions, preparation for apologetics dialogue (it's not just study), cultivating integrity and character, advice for being a life-long learner, and using literature in apologetics.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (33 min)

Among Kreeft's over 60 books are these recommended titles:
Handbook of Christian Apologetics
Pocket Handbook of Christian Apologetics
Socratic Logic
A Refutation of Moral Relativism
• Heaven, the Heart's Deepest Longing
Jesus Shock

Enjoy.

Note: This interview does not endorse a Roman Catholic position.

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Sunday Quote: Thomas Arnold on the Resurrection

"Thousands and tens of thousands have gone through the evidence which attests the resurrection of Christ, piece by piece, as carefully as ever a judge summed up on the most important case. I have myself done it many times over, not to persuade others, but to satisfy myself. I have been used for many years to study the history of other times, and to examine and weigh the evidence of those who have written about them, and I know of no fact in the history of mankind which is proved by better and fitter evidence and every kind."1

- Thomas Arnold

Click here for an article on the evidence for the resurrection.

Saturday, April 23, 2011

Resurrection of Jesus: Interview with Gary Habermas

Do extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence? What sort of evidence is there for the resurrection? In this audio provided by 4Truth.net, Robert Bowman interviews Dr. Gary Habermas on the resurrection of Jesus. Habermas is a leading expert in the resurrection, with over 15 books on the subject. Audio found here at 4Truth.net.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (65 min)

Enjoy.

Friday, April 22, 2011

Weekly Apologetics Bonus Links (04/15 - 04/22)

Here are this week's recommended apologetics links. Enjoy.
Darrel Bock reviews "Forged"
Easter apologetics
Is Mormonism Christian?
Four Dangers of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Top 10 Amazing Facts of Mormonism (PDF)
“Extraordinary claims need…” What, exactly?
Evidence for the Resurrection of Christ in a Nutshell
Jay Smith: Is the Qur’an the Word of God? (PDF)
Attribution Biases of the New Atheists
How to Referee a Philosophical Debate
Free excerpts from Nancy Pearcey’s Saving Leonardo
How Easter Killed My Faith in Atheism by Lee Strobel
Evidence for the Resurrection of Christ: Five Possible Theories
Mike Licona debates Bart Ehrman on the Unbelievable radio show
William Lane Craig explains why moral choices are impossible on atheism

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Fallacy Friday: Petitio Principii (Begging the Question)

The Fallacy Friday Podcast is the weekly audio version of Matthew Flannagan's Fallacy Friday posts over at the MandM blog. Apologetics315 is producing the audio version, released every Friday as well. Subscribe using:
RSS Feed, or Via iTunes, or one-click.

Today's episode: Petitio Principii (Begging the Question) (text | MP3)
Enjoy.

Thursday, April 21, 2011

Critical Thinking Online Training

Looking for tools to be a better thinker? You might have a look at this Basic Logic Primer, or listen to the Fallacy Friday podcast, or the Logical Fallacies 1 or Logical Fallacies 2 podcasts. But one of the best free online resources for critical thinking is Critical Thinking Web. To see what sort of material the course covers, check out the site map here. An excellent resource.

Go to Critical Thinking Web.

Enjoy.

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

European Leadership Workshops and Seminars Audio

In this audio resource supplied by the European Leadership Forum's WELFORUM website, you'll find some 600 audio files by around 80 speakers. The talks are provided in an iTunes-like player arranged in playlists and sorted by speaker name. Speakers include William Lane Craig, John Lennox, Bruce Little, Stuart McAllister, Amy Orr Ewing, Michael Ramsden, Ravi Zacharias and more.

Check out the audio resource here.

Enjoy.

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Terminology Tuesday: Pluralism

Religious Pluralism: Descriptively, a situation characterized by a number of alternative religions and diverse perspectives on religion, with the resulting problem for adherents of each view of what attitude to take toward the other views. The contemporary world is in most places undeniably pluralistic in this sense. However, for some, the term pluralism has taken on a normative sense in which it implies an endorsement of this plurality and a refusal to see one religion as truer than others or superior to others in any way.1

1. C.Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002), p. 93.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Apologist Interview: Lee Strobel

Today's interview is with apologist and author Lee Strobel. He talks about how God has used his books, his journey from atheism to Christianity, the role of evidence and the influence of the heart, being a popularizer, his upcoming book The Ambition, areas where Christians can reach culture, lessons from journalism, advice for apologists, and more. Subscribe to Lee's newsletter here.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (54 min)

Lee's books include:
• The Case for ChristThe Case for FaithThe Case for the ResurrectionThe Case For A CreatorThe Case for the Real Jesus, and his new novel, The Ambition.

Enjoy.

Subscribe to the Apologetics 315 Interviews podcast here or in iTunes.

Sunday, April 17, 2011

Sunday Quote: Hudson Taylor on Hardness of Heart

"Perhaps if there were more of that intense distress for souls that leads to tears, we should more frequently see the results we desire. Sometimes it may be that while we are complaining of the hardness of the hearts of those we are seeking to benefit, the hardness of our own hearts and our feeble apprehension of the solemn reality of ­eternal things may be the true cause of our want of success."

- Hudson Taylor

Saturday, April 16, 2011

Book Review: Reasoning from the Scriptures with Muslims

Reasoning from the Scriptures with MuslimsReasoning from the Scriptures with Muslims by Ron Rhodes is a practical and informative introduction to Islam from a Christian perspective. Rhodes provides the reader with the history and growth of Islam, a biographical look at Muhammad, an overview and critique of the Quran, a comparison between Allah and the Biblical view of God, a look at the Bible and the life of Jesus, an exploration of the Muslim view of the afterlife, and tips for evangelizing among Muslims.

Friday, April 15, 2011

Weekly Apologetics Bonus Links (04/08 - 04/15)

Here are this week's recommended apologetics links. Enjoy.
• Consider the evidence 
Evidence for the Resurrection by Josh McDowell
• Atheism and the Escape From Reason
The Importance of Defining Terms
Evidence for Easter
Is Evolution Criticism Anti Science?
Questioning Evangelism
ID is Not an Argument from Ignorance
Debate Review: William Lane Craig and Sam Harris
Undesigned Coincidences in the Gospels
eBook: The Gospel of Judas, by Mike Licona
Experts' Evidence for Jesus' Resurrection
Experts' Evidence for Jesus' Trial
Craig v Krauss debate results
Seven Days That Divide the World by John C. Lennox
• Currently reading 'Kingdom of the Cults' by Walter Martin
Is God the only possible foundation for objective morality?
Ethical Naturalism and the Euthyphro Dilemma
The "Is-Ought" Problem and God's Morality
God, Naturalism, and the Foundations of Morality by Paul Copan (PDF)
Was the New Testament Influenced by Pagan Religions? by Ronald Nash
Why the “I Just Believe in One Less God than You” Argument Does not Work
Axioms and Inferences- A Mathematician Thinks About Faith by John Lennox (MP3) 
• California Event: Reasonable Faith in an Uncertain World

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Fallacy Friday: False Cause & Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc

The Fallacy Friday Podcast is the weekly audio version of Matthew Flannagan's Fallacy Friday posts over at the MandM blog. Apologetics315 is producing the audio version, released every Friday as well. Subscribe using:
RSS Feed, or Via iTunes, or one-click.

Today's episode: False Cause & Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc (text | MP3)
Enjoy.

Thursday, April 14, 2011

The Question of Miracles: Interview with Craig Keener

Michael Licona of 4Truth.net interviews Craig Keener of Palmer Theological Seminary on the topic of miracles. He provides numerous examples of credible miracle reports from antiquity through the present. Keener also addresses a number of objections to miracles. Interview source at 4Truth. Craig Keener's book on miracles Miracles: The Credibility of the New Testament Accounts will be released later this year.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (77 min)

Enjoy.

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Christianity & the Tooth Fairy: John Lennox Audio

The Veritas Forum provides this excellent discussion with Oxford mathematician John Lennox about Christianity. Does belief in Jesus Christ require a suspension of logic?  Can Christianity be proven to be true? Is belief in God just like believing in the Tooth Fairy? This is an great discussion, facilitated by UCLA law professor Daniel Lowenstein. The video of this discussion can be found at Veritas here. Subscribe to their audio podcast here. Includes Q&A.

Full MP3 Audio here.

Enjoy.
You might also be interested in John Lennox's upcoming book Seven Days That Divide the World: The Beginning According to Genesis and Science

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

Terminology Tuesday: Supererogation

Supererogation: Supererogation is the technical term for the class of actions that go “beyond the call of duty.” Roughly speaking, supererogatory acts are morally good although not (strictly) required. [...] The Latin etymology of “supererogation” is paying out more than is due (super-erogare), and the term first appears in the Latin version of the New Testament in the parable of the Good Samaritan. Although we often believe that Good Samaritanism is praiseworthy and non-obligatory at the same time, philosophical reflection raises the question whether there can be any morally good actions that are not morally required, and even if there are such actions, how come they are optional or supererogatory. (more here) 1

Monday, April 11, 2011

Apologist Interview: Jay Smith

Today's interview is with Jay Smith, a Biblical Scholar specializing in Islam. He talks about his background in Islamic studies, the difference between apologetics and polemics, his debates with Muslims, the prophet Muhammad's life and the spread of Islam, the five pillars of Islam, key worldview differences to keep in mind, common mistakes Christian make when interacting with Muslims, advice for those in Islamic studies, and more.

Find Jay's resources at Answering-Islam.org. Check out Jay's video channel on youtube: PfanderFilms. A recent debate here.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (70 min)

Enjoy.
Subscribe to the Apologetics 315 Interviews podcast here or in iTunes.

Sunday, April 10, 2011

Sunday Quote: Francis Schaeffer on Morality

"If there is no absolute moral standard, then one cannot say in a final sense that anything is right or wrong. By absolute we mean that which always applies, that which provides a final or ultimate standard. There must be an absolute if there are to be morals, and there must be an absolute if there are to be real values. If there is no absolute beyond man's ideas, then there is no final appeal to judge between individuals and groups whose moral judgements conflict. We are merely left with conflicting opinions."1

- Francis Schaeffer

1. Schaeffer, Francis. How Then Should We Live?: The Rise and Decline of Western Thought and Culture (New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1976).

Saturday, April 09, 2011

Evidence for the Resurrection with Michael Licona

The North American Mission Board's apologetics website 4Truth.Net presents this excellent video resource, which happens to be just in time for Easter. This is a series of video segments/interviews with Michael Licona, author of The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiographical Approach and The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Licona discusses the importance of the resurrection, the historical method, the evidence for the resurrection, and answers to common objections from scholars and from the internet.

Each segment is viewable online here, and can also be downloaded in multiple formats, perfectly suited for use in group study in your apologetics group. Check out the Evidence for the Resurrection.

Enjoy.

Friday, April 08, 2011

Weekly Apologetics Bonus Links (04/01 - 04/08)

Here are this week's recommended apologetics links. Enjoy.
CrossExamined Instructor Academy
Debate Reviews:
Harris vs. Craig: Thoughts and Links
Review of Craig vs. Harris Debate
Bye Bye Inflationary Theory
Gary Habermas on Near Death Experiences
Sacred rhetoric: or a course of lectures on preaching
On the statement that “we are all atheists”
Can Science Explain Everything?
Why Christians Should Read in the Mainstream
Four Myths About the Crusades
G.K. Chesterton Audiobooks (free) 
Thinking Out Loud: Podcast with Alan Shlemon
Just Think: Podcast with Brett Kunkle
How to Test for Intelligent Design
Naturalism can never answer the ultimate truth question
Ask your friends: “Why aren’t you a Christian?”
Dr. John Blanchard speaking in Albuquerque
Interview with William Lane Craig

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William Lane Craig vs. Sam Harris Debate Audio

In this audio from the University of Notre Dame that took place on April 7, 2011, William Lane Craig and Sam Harris debate the topic: Is Good From God? In other words, "Are the foundations of moral value natural or supernatural?" For video of the debate, go here.

Full Debate MP3 Audio here (120 min)

Enjoy.

This debate has been added to the William Lane Craig Debate Audio podcast feed. Get it here.

Fallacy Friday: Division and Composition

The Fallacy Friday Podcast is the weekly audio version of Matthew Flannagan's Fallacy Friday posts over at the MandM blog. Apologetics315 is producing the audio version, released every Friday as well. Subscribe using:
RSS Feed, or Via iTunes, or one-click.

Today's episode: Division and Composition
(text | MP3)
Enjoy.

Thursday, April 07, 2011

Peter J. Williams Interview on Gospel Reliability

In this audio, Michael Licona interviews Dr. Peter J. Williams of Cambridge University. He provides a number of reasons for holding that the canonical Gospels are reliable recollections of the life of Jesus. Original interview at 4truth.net here. Anything by Peter J. Williams is excellent.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here. (42 min)

Enjoy.

Wednesday, April 06, 2011

Robert Bowman Apologetics Audio

If you have heard the recent interview with Robert M. Bowman, you may also be interested in listening to some of his courses he taught with Reclaiming the Mind's Theology Program. If so, you can download all of the electives with this RSS feed. Or see each audio file available below, each with its own RSS feed for easy downloading or adding to iTunes.

World Religions (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
The Historical Jesus (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10
Science and the Bible (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9
Apologetics Methods (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9
Understanding Mormons & Jehovah's Witnesses (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
Introduction to Christian Apologetics (RSS)
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19

Also added to the Ultimate Apologetics MP3 Audio page.
Enjoy.

Tuesday, April 05, 2011

Terminology Tuesday: Confucianism

Confuciansim: Chinese school of ethical, political and religious teachings commonly attributed to Confucius (c. 551-479 B.C.). Confucianism places great weight on the cultivation of ethical virtues such as kingliness, humaneness and gentlemanliness that are cultivated through rituals. Ethical duties within Confucianism depend on one's social and family position. There is some dispute over the religious character of Confucianism, centering on the nature of tian, or "heaven," which is in some way the ground of our ethical duties. Some have interpreted this concept in a transcendent, metaphysical way, while neo-Confucians tend to think of "heaven" as a metaphorical way of describing the natural ethical order of things.1

1. C.Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002), p. 26.

Monday, April 04, 2011

Apologist Interview: Robert M. Bowman

Today's interview is with Robert M. Bowman, Jr. - the Director of Research at the Institute for Religious Research. He talks about his background, his work with IRR, the reasons for examining apologetic methodology, four basic categories or approaches to apologetics (classical, evidential, reformed, fideistic), apologetic questions and meta-apologetic questions, the sorts of methodological questions one should consider, understanding presuppositionalism, finding an integrated approach to defending the faith, historical examples of apologists with a well-rounded approach to apologetics, advice to apologists, and more.

Full Interview MP3 Audio here (47 min)

Books by Robert M. Bowman include:
• Faith Has Its Reasons: Integrative Approaches to Defending the Christian Faith
• 20 Compelling Evidences That God Exists
• Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ
• Jehovah's Witnesses
• Sense and Nonsense about Heaven and Hell
• Sense and Nonsense about Angels and Demons

Enjoy.
Subscribe to the Apologetics 315 Interviews podcast here or in iTunes.

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