[Audio Intro] - Sean McDowell introduces this chapter.
[Chapter 09 Study Questions] (with kindle locations) - PDF study guide.
[Podcast Feed RSS | Podcast in iTunes] - Click to subscribe to the audio.
Chapter Nine: Is God Just a Human Invention?
Chapter nine looks at the hypothesis that God is just a projection of the human mind. The authors show how this approach begs the question against God, and they reveal reasons why this hypothesis falls short. Other ways of explaining God away include "the God gene", neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology; perhaps Richard Dawkins' memes explain why religion has spread so widely. However, the authors argue against these theories and suggest that the reason people are "hardwired" to believe in God is because God really does exist.
Philosopher Garry DeWeese contributes an essay describing his journey of faith and the importance of having good reasons to believe.
Our intention in this chapter is to walk through some of the most common reasons skeptics think God is a human invention and see if they sufficiently show that belief in God has been rendered unreasonable, or if the reason that so many people believe in God is best explained by the fact that he actually does exist. (p. 120)Discuss
If it can be argued that humans created God out of a need for security or a father figure, then it can just as easily be argued that atheism is a response to the human desire for the freedom to do whatever one wants without moral constraints or obligations. (p. 123)
If belief in God is indeed an issue of hardwiring, then two possible explanations exist for the design we observe. Either a blind process of natural selection produces religious belief over time as a by-product with some selective advantage, or an Intelligent Mind designed humanity to naturally believe God exists. (p. 112)
- How does the projection theory beg the question against God?
- How does the projection theory "cut both ways"?
- What are the implications of humans being "hardwired" to believe?
- Dawkins' God: Genes, Memes, and the Meaning of Life by Alister McGrath
- "Belief in God: A Trick of the Brain?" in Contending with Christianity's Critics: Answering New Atheists and Other Objectors, edited by Paul Copan and William Lane Craig
Next Week: Chapter 10—Is Religion Dangerous?