Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900): German philosopher whose radical views on human thinking as perspectival and shaped by the "will to power" have had a profound impact on thinkers who came after him. Nietzsche announced the death of God, and as a consequence he affirmed that moralities are human creations. Previous human history has seen the "slave revolt" in morality, in which the "herd morality" of good and evil (Judaism, Christianity, socialism) has overthrown the earlier "master morality" of good and bad (the warrior culture of Homeric Greece) that was the work of the natural aristocrats. Nietzsche himself proposed that the "Overman" may now go beyond good and evil and invent a new form of morality. Nietzsche saw the virtues of herd morality as a disguised form of envy, in which the weak express their resentment of the strong by affirming that the poor and the meek are blessed. See also nihilism.1
1. C.Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002), p. 81.